ADI MURAI – INTRODUCTION
Adi Murai is a devastatingly effective Unarmed Combat Science that covers all aspects of
Unarmed Combat like striking, grappling, takedown, locks and counter locks,
Weapons like Staff, Sticks, Swords, Knife, Spring Swords etc and
Pressure Point Manipulation i.e., striking the pressure point using different finger positions, using different angles and locations and finally using astrology (amirtha nilai) as a means of deadly pressure point striking
ADI MURAI TRAINING
Adi Murai has 3 different stages of training:
- Adithadi (ADI THAdu piDI) or Pootu Pirivu Murai or Varma Pidi Murai
- Ayudha Varisai
- Varma Adi
ADITHADI: (ADI THAdu piDI), Varma Pidi Murai, Pootu Pirivu Murai
With an emphasis on lethal and practical Unarmed Combat, Adithadi practitioners first learn all aspects of striking, grappling and counters. Adithadi has a strong sports component to it, and practitioners would often test their skills in prize fighting competitions during festivals.
It is believed that most of the Modern and Hybrid Martial Arts like Boxing, Kickboxing, Bokator, Muay Thai, Muay Boran, Lerdrit, Pankration and the NO RULE Martial art Vale Tudo are offshoots of Adithadi
The Grappling component in this art is very closely related, but even more dangerous than Pankration, Vajra Musthi and Musthi Yuddha grappling skills.
Modern MMA is an offshoot and skill testing fight originating from Adithadi
Ayudha Murai is the weapon based aspect of Adimurai. Only students who have completed training in Adithadi (or Varma Pidi Murai, Pootu Pirivu Murai) will be trained in the weapons aspect.
The weapon training is very closely related and very similar to Silambam, but comparatively fewer weapons are used.
In Adi Murai’s Ayudha Varisai, importance is given to striking or cutting on the Vital Pressure (Varma) points on the opponent’s body, in order to finish the fight, as soon as possible.
Weapons used in Ayudha Varisai are:
- Long Stick (known as Varma Silambam or Siramam)
- Short Stick (also known as Kurunthadi Siramam)
- Spring Sword
VARMA ATI IS NOT A FIGHTING STYLE ON IT’S OWN.
It is the advanced knowledge of the locations and angles of attack to use on the 108 Varmam points in the human body.
Varma Ati is taught to students only after they complete training in Adithadi and Ayudha Varisai to let them know how to kill and/or disable an opponent quickly and with minimal effort.
Varma Ati is the last and most advanced component of Adimurai.
After completing training in this stage, the student attains the title Adi Murai Aasaan
Varma Ati uses an astrological concept called Amirtha Nilai, which describes the effectiveness of striking the Varma points based on the nectar placement, calculated by Astrology. This concept of Amirtha Nilai is similar to the Chinese concept of Meredian Attack System, the Japanese concept of Atemi Waza and the South Eastern Countries Martial concept of Centreline Attack System
Varma Ati also uses a small stick, called Kuthu Kattai which is little greater than the palm of the practitioner. This stick is said to have been the originator or fore-runner of YAWARA and KUBOTAN sticks. Using Kuthu Kattai with the knowledge of Varma Ati and Amirtha Nilai can cause devastating effects and even death.
SCHOOLS OF ADIMURAI / VARMAKKALAI
There are 3 different schools of Adi Murai, that grew independently, based on the book Kai Mathirai Thiravukol, verse 41. They are:
- Agathiyar School
- Bogar School
- Ramadevar School
AGATHIYAR SCHOOL OF ADIMURAI / VARMAKKALAI:
With a focus on pressure point manipulation and incorporation of animal styles into it, The Agathiyar way is the most widespread and commonly taught Version of Adi Murai in India.
It is also the only style practiced outside its place of origin, Tamil Nadu and had spread to neighbouring states of Kerala and Karnataka.
This style is practiced By the Nadars of Tamil Nadu and the Ezhavas and Thiyyas of South Kerala
BOGAR SCHOOL OF ADIMURAI / VARMAKKALAI:
Bogar Murai is considered the Most Scientific and Versatile version of Varmakalai. In its Adi Murai component Equal emphasis is given to Strikes, Blocks and Grappling. Everything is broken up into numbers and variations.
There is also a very Pronounced Yoga component involved.
The Healing part of it is very Straight forward and Simplified.
Bogar murai gives the practitioner a solid base which he can work with and expand into a style that suits him/her and encourages the practitioner to improvise and modify techniques as they see fit.
This style is practiced primarily by the Nadars of Central and Southern Tamil Nadu
RAMADEVAR SCHOOL OF ADIMURAI / VARMAKKALAI:
Palm leaf manuscripts and their contents are jealously guarded and none of them have been published till date.
“The Varmakalai Project” is still collating information on this style.
STYLES OF ADI MURAI
There are 4 different styles of Adimurai. They are:
- Nadasari Adimurai
- Beeman Varisai Adimurai
- Sailaathu Adimurai
- Thadavara Vazhi Adimurai
Nadasaari Adi Murai means fighting by walking steps.
NADAI+SANDAI ->NADASANDAI ->NADASAARI
BEEMAN VARISAI ADIMURAI:
Beeman Varisai Adi Murai is the method of using Short stick 3 (feet or 3 ½ feet stick) effectively for locking, counter locking and pressure point hitting. The methods for this small stick method is taken from
- “Beeman Vazhi Kurunthadi Siramam”
- “Hanuman Vazhi Kurunthadi Siramam”
Siramam means the method of striking Varmam points using Silambam
SILAMBAM+VARMAM = SIRAMAM
Sailaath Adi Murai is the method of striking pressure points on the opponent’s body and safe guarding ourselves from being hit on the pressure points on our own body, by the opponents.
A person trained in Sailaath Adimurai method can challenge and win any other martial arts practitioner. But they themselves could be safe by using the self defence method of safe guarding themselves from being hit on their own Varmam points
THADAVARA VAZHI ADIMURAI:
Thadavara Vazhi Adi Murai is the method of using Varma Ati based on Amirtha Nilai.
The effectiveness of striking the correct Varmam point (also known as Poison Varma – which results only in death. This cannot be rectified by Adangal method or Thiravukol method) based on Nectar placement calculated by astrology, would cause immediate death, and this is the last stage of training in Adi Murai’s Varma Ati portion
ADI MURAI TEACHER TRAINING
Adi Murai training consists of three stages. They are:
- Adi Murai Seedan
- Adi Murai Naayagan
- Adi Murai Aasaan
ADI MURAI SEEDAN:
Adi Murai Seedan means student of Adi Murai martial art. When a student joins the Adi Murai course, he gets the title Adi Murai sedan.
This title will be held by the student till he gets familiar with the Empty Hand Fighting Techniques, and is also familiar with the Varmam points and the methods to strike them
ADI MURAI NAAYAGAN:
Adi Murai Naayagan is the title that is bestowed upon the student when his master sees him fit to be a Senior Student and a Junior Instructor to teach Adi Murai to new students, who join as Adi Murai Seedans.
The student will hold this position until his master sees him and knows that he has got command over the fighting techniques and is fit to teach Senior Students. Here, the student will be taught how to use the weapons like staff, sword etc Targeted at the Varmam points to finish a fight as soon as possible in a real life situation. The Adi Murai Naayagan will have to have the ability of Speed Fighting Techniques also. Generally, must do 8-9 kicks or punches in 1 second, all targeted to the Varmam points.
ADI MURAI AASAAN:
Once, the student receives the title Adi Murai Aasaan, he can open a Martial Arts school of his own and teach this art to others. But still, he will be considered as a student to his Aasaans
Here only the student will be taught to attack the Varmam Points based on Nectar Placement as it is a dangerous part of the training.
Only after this stage, the Adi Murai Aasaan will be taught Varma Vaithiyam along with Siddha Vaithiyam in order to cure any injuries and damages caused during the Martial Arts Training.
ADI MURAI AND KALARIPAYATTU DIFFERENCES